Verse 16. The "calling" of which the New Testament almost invariably speaks is what divines call effectual calling, carrying with it a supernatural operation on the will to secure its consent. So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. It is simply designed to teach that in the church, among the multitudes who will be saved, Christ makes a difference. It begins with the parable of the laborers in the vineyard. They would even be first in the kingdom, because of their greater readiness to receive the gospel. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Though he vainly thought, that if those few were but two, they were himself and his son. The circumstances of the parable necessitate this change. 1. King James Version (KJV) But this, though perhaps legitimate enough as an application of the parable, is clearly secondary and subordinate, and must not be allowed to obscure its primary intention. Salem Media Group. "In the second part of his story ( Matthew 4:17 to Matthew 16:20), Matthew tells of Jesus" ministry to Israel ( Matthew 4:17 to Matthew 11:1) and of Israel"s repudiation of Jesus ( Matthew 11:2 to Matthew 16:20). Mt 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last. @yeddu People have suggested that Matthew 16:28 refers to: 1 - Jesus’ transfiguration 2 - Jesus’ resurrection and receiving of His Kingdom 3 - destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD and the end of the old covenant 4 - the final day of … (1-2) A landowner’s workers early in the morning. 13. Change Language {{#items}} {{local_title}} It is a saying of R. Simeon ben Jochai F4. So the last shall be first, and the first last As he had asserted in ( Matthew 19:30 ) and which is clearly illustrated by this parable, as it may be applied to Jews or Gentiles, or to nominal and real Christians: for many be called; externally, under the ministration of the Gospel, as the Jews in general were, by Christ and his apostles; but, few chosen; in Christ from all eternity, both to grace and glory; and in consequence, and as an evidence of it, but few among the Jews; as also in the Gentile world, comparatively speaking: and even but a few of those that are outwardly called, are inwardly and effectually called by the powerful grace of God, out of darkness into marvellous light, into the grace and liberty of the Gospel, into communion with Christ, and to the obtaining his kingdom and glory, according to the eternal purpose of God. Meaning of Matthew 16:28. Probably this—to teach us that men who have wrought in Christ's service all their days may, by the spirit which they manifest at the last, make it too evident that, as between God and their own souls, they never were chosen workmen at all. - So the last, etc. No: five times he goes out to find people, inviting them to come work for a fair day's wage. For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror. Maybe no other words attributed to Jesus cause as much offense to ethical calculations as his Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard (Matthew 20:1-16). Lord cometh, his reward is with him, to give unto every man according as his work shall be, as one star differeth from another star in glory, so shall it be. Matthew 20:16. For he looks at himself … Matthew 20:16 In a sense, everybody is called to recognize God through the natural world, but the word "chosen" shows that God must personally rescue us from our self-centered blindness. And so the sense is, Many receive the invitations of the Gospel whom God has never "chosen to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth" (2Th 2:13). The message in verse 16, “the last will be first, and the first last,” is that no matter how long or how hard a believer works during his lifetime, the reward of eternal life will be the same given to all—an eternity of bliss in heaven in the presence of God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Before reading any further in this commentary take a moment to re-read Matthew 20:1-16 and think about this question. So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. to be a Christian you must suffer in this world and be generous and put others ahead of yourself. What does Matthew chapter 20 mean? is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. Matthew 20:1–16 is a parable illustrating what Jesus meant in saying that some of the last will be first and the first last in the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 19:30). Matthew 20:15 "Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? “ So the last shall be first, and the first last: … 2. Many that, in the order of time, are brought last into the kingdom, shall be first in the rewards. Cancel. The better MSS., indeed, omit it here. The workers who worked longer hours were upset that those who worked only one hour received the same pay they did. Matthew 20:16, CSB: ""So the last will be first, and the first last."". Matthew 20:1-16 is the parable of the workers in the vineyard. Of one of the disciples, whose state may have been specially present to our Lord’s mind, this was, we know, only too fatally true. Context Summary. The elect Christians. Sermon Matthew 20:1-16 Accepting the Grace of God Check out these helpful resources Biblical Commentary Children's Sermons Hymn Lists Matthew 20:1-16 Accepting the Grace of God By The Rev. One meaning is that people who are first—“important”—in this life, will not necessarily have such status in the kingdom of God. A special lesson, first, to the Jews. These puzzling words, with the clauses reversed will reappear in Matthew 20:16 at the conclusion of the parable of the workers in the vineyard. KJV: King James Version . It describes the state of the visible church, and explains the declaration that the last shall be first, and the first last, in its various references. I have endowed them with apostolic gifts or with superior talents, and suited them for wider usefulness. (d) T. Hieros. It can only mean here the "invited." What exactly did Jesus mean when He said, “Many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first”? 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